Building construction process from start to finish in India


House construction process from start to finish in India 2022

  Today we have look about House construction step by step process from beginning to ending. This Process has two major categories,

  1. Procedure of Pre-Construction and
  2. Procedure of Construction

Building construction process from start to finish in India

  Any method of construction which is included in the home building process from beginning to end is not a simple task. It really could use a lot of work and cost. But although building construction is laborious and time-consuming, the end result is a lifelong asset for us. Residential building construction is a deliberate process that is carried out by capable people.


  As a result, precaution should be used in the building construction process. Before to planning, building construction projects must take crucial things into consideration, such as the project's purpose, usefulness, profitability, labour demand, etc.

  Here, a detailed explanation of the building construction process from beginning to end is provided. Start by taking a few preconstruction and construction steps

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Procedures of Pre-Construction

Get Your Home Designed

  Hiring an Architect or a Civil Engineer or a Construction company that provides end-to-end services is the ideal method for building your home. Architects or Engineer usually know the building construction rules established by municipal governments. They design the structure in accordance with regional requirements. Some of the requirements include FSI (Floor Space Index), setbacks, and so on.

Building construction process from start to finish in India

Planning submission for government approval for local Authorities

  Once the plans are completed, they should be submitted to the government municipalities for approval. The local authority is determined by the locality in which you decide to construct your house.

  • You should apply to a department of town planning in municipalities.

  • In villages, you should submit to the Village Panchayat .
  • For permission, you must pay a percentage of the area you are building. Obtain permissions for all plans before starting the construction.
Building construction process from start to finish in India

Get Architectural and Structural Drawings

Individual homeowners would not generally choose structural designs. This is a concern for two reasons:

  • Contractors frequently overdesign structures, consuming construction materials. A good design will reduce material usage depending on your requirements.
  • Contractors work on thumb guidelines while designers create designs based on user feedback. So, when you have plans for future growth, a designer can provide you with the perfect solution based on your requirements.
Building construction process from start to finish in India

Get Construction Quotations

  Once the drawings have been approved, you must contact contractors who can build the house according to the drawings. Be cautious of the quotations you received. Despite Civil Engineering is a fundamental subject, there are several materials, companies, and procedures available on the market, which can lead building costs to differ.

Financial Support ?

  So now you know the overall building costs, you will begin raising money for the project. Your source might be personal savings or a loan from a bank or a friend. Although this may appear to be a foolish action to take, a lack of resources throughout the project stage may cause the budget to be exceeded.

  Contractors will charge for demobilisation or remobilization. Some building materials, such as cement, may expiry or lose strength if kept for an extended length of time (more than 6 months from date of manufacture). So obtaining finance prior to the beginning of the project is equally as vital as the other steps described above.

Set up temporary water, electricity, and material storage (if needed)

  The most essential facilities necessary for a contractor before deploying his labour are temporary water and power. Typically, the plot owner is in charge of providing these facilities to the contractor. As a response, owners should prepare for these.

  Cement  for example, cannot be kept in open locations for an extended period of time. As a result, a temporary storage room must be constructed to guarantee that the materials are not exposed to the environment and become destroyed. These materials can be stored within the structure once the first floor slab is completed.

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Procedures of Construction

1. Preparation of the Site or Levels

  Before beginning work, the building site must be cleaned. This process includes removing tree roots, garbage, and levelling the land.

2. PCC and excavation

  The base of the building land is dug using excavation equipment in accordance with the construction dimensions indicated in the plans. Before laying the foundation reinforcements, a layer of PCC (Cement concrete) is put in the excavated area of this foundation trench.

3. Foundations - Substructure

Building construction process from start to finish in India

  The building's base component that touches the ground and serves as the structure's support is known as the foundation.  A building distributes load from the superstructure to the earth and must be exceedingly robust to withstand the load. Following the completion of the PCC work, foundation reinforcement work is initiated. Before concreting, the foundation's lowest level must be tested. Earth fills the remaining area between the foundations.

4. Plinth Level - Substructure

  Following the completion of the foundation construction, ground beam formwork preparing and concrete pouring begin. Masonry construction has begun above the plinth beam. Soil fills the area between the foundation and the plinth beam.


5. Pillar – Superstructure Level

  The portion of the building that is above plinth level is known as the superstructure. The primary structural components of the superstructure are a column and a beam. Up to the slab level, the columns have been built, and the building's frame has been constructed.

6. Work on Brick Masonry

  After the construction of the column and beam structure, masonry work with various materials such as bricks, Hollow bricks, concrete blocks, Interlocking Bricks, fly ash bricks, and so on is begun in accordance with the building drawing. Masonry work is finished with a cement mortar mix. It's made up of cement and sand. During this time, spaces for doors and windows are properly set out according to the plan the bricklaying

7. Above Door Window Gaps Lintel

  The lintel is designed to support the masonry construction above the door and window. Following this, more masonry work will be completed.

8. Roof Construction

  The formwork for the slab sitting on the column and beam is then completed. Slab reinforcement is installed from over formwork according to the slab detailed drawing.

9. Fittings of windows and doors

  Next that, the windows and doors frameworks are installed in the positions mentioned in the drawing.

10. Terrace or Rooftop Finishing

  Waterproofing is applied to the slab's surface to prevent leaks. Terrazzo tiling is typically done to protect the slab from deterioration.

11. Plumbing and electrical works

  Buildings, as all of us know, are built with a smooth surface that conceals electrical and plumbing services. They are inserted in the walls and slabs in such a method that they are hidden and not apparent after the finishing work is completed. The point and pipe ends are left unfinished so that they may subsequently be fitted with electric fittings and plumbing accessories.

12. Finishing work, both external and internal

  Internal walls are plastered with a clean finish, and the ground is tiled. The walls are afterwards painted or textured.

  After this work is done, exterior plastering and finishing will begin. Waterproofing is also done to prevent humidity from rising in the wall. External cladding can also be used to improve the house's elevation.

13. Painting works

  The most essential goal of home painting is to extend the lifespan of our house, and adding colors to it is to make it a stunning look. The painting job not only adds colors to the house walls, but it also protects the house from stains and filth and extends the life of the house; nonetheless, walls have a way of discovering certain stains.

Construction Material Price list or Building Material price list

  There are numerous paint grades that can be used to preserve our house for a long time from stain, mud, sunshine, rain, dirt, and so on, ranging from basic paint to high-quality paint that can give our property an extra 5 to 10 years of life and an excellent look on the outside and inside.

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